To help Hong Kong International Airport (HKIA) meet its long-term demand, the Airport Authority (AA) is currently undergoing the statutory Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for the planned expansion of the airport into a three-runway system. We hope to garner support from the public on this important project and contribute to the future of Hong Kong.
In the EIA study, international and local experts are collecting and analysing information of Chinese White Dolphins in Hong Kong and near the expansion area using three types of field surveys that are being conducted over a 12-month period.
The AA and its team of local and overseas experts are fully assessing all possible impacts on the nearby marine ecology and fisheries arising from the construction and operation of the planned three-runway system at HKIA.
A detailed assessment on the potential noise impact is being done as part of the current EIA. The potential noise resulting from increased road and marine traffic, operation plant and equipment, and third runway construction are also being studied in detail during the EIA process.
The air quality impact assessment for the three-runway system under the EIA is a comprehensive exercise. In addition to aviation-generated emissions, it also covers ambient emissions, including those from Hong Kong and the Pearl River Delta.
Assessing the health impact of a major transportation infrastructure project has not been done before in Hong Kong, but this is exactly what the AA and its team of consultants are doing as they carry out studies of the airport’s planned expansion into a three-runway system. Two key aspects, namely aircraft noise and air pollutants from aircraft emissions and associated aviation activities have been identified.
Hong Kong International Airport (HKIA) is an international and regional aviation hub, and is widely recognised for its operational excellence. Through our extensive aviation network, the airport connects people from different parts of the world easily, and together supports the continuous growth of the pillar industries of Hong Kong. Also, we have pledged to be the world's greenest airport, the first commitment of its kind worldwide. We will work hand-in-hand with stakeholders on future airport development, and grow together, sustainably, with Hong Kong.
In March 2012, the Government gave its in-principle approval for the Airport Authority (AA) to adopt, in planning purposes, the three-runway option as the future development direction for HKIA. The AA embarked upon a three-phase process of project planning, approval and implementation. We are committed to approaching the upcoming work in a highly prudent, transparent and professional manner as always, working closely with all stakeholders along the way.
The AA commissioned a trial on a special land formation method called Deep Cement Mixing (DCM), which is suggested for the proposed construction of a third runway, in January 2012. The aim of this trial was to evaluate the engineering feasibility and potential environmental impact of DCM on contaminated mud pits in Hong Kong.
HKIA has kick-started the phase 1 of Midfield development to cope with the increasing passenger traffic and needs for parking stands in the medium term. The project includes the construction of a Midfield Concourse; 20 aircraft parking stands; an Automated People Mover (APM) extending from Terminal 1; a cross-field taxiway; and other supporting facilities.
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