The success of Hong Kong International Airport (HKIA) as an aviation hub has led to spectacular growth over the years in air traffic demand. The IATA Consulting estimates that, at a base-case level, HKIA will be receiving 102 million passengers and 8.9 million tonnes of cargo per year by 2030 while handling 607,000 flight movements. However, the practical capacity of the two-runway system is only 420,000 flight movements.
In 2013, HKIA handled 59.9 million passengers, 4.12 million tonnes of cargo and 372,040 flight movements. These figures showed that our traffic volumes have been ahead of the HKIA Master Plan 2030 forecast. In other words, HKIA is fast approaching its maximum handling capacity.
Under a three-runway system, HKIA will be able to accommodate 620,000 flight movements per year, meeting its demand up to the year 2030.
The three-runway system is more than a runway. It involves:
- Formation of around 650 hectares of land to the north of the existing airport island, about 40% of which falls on an area of contaminated mud pits
- Construction of a new runway, related taxiway systems and airfield infrastructure
- Construction of a new passenger concourse
- Expansion of Terminal 2
- Extension of the Automated People Mover system
- Extension of the Baggage Handling System
- Improvement of the road network in the passenger and cargo areas, as well as new landside transportation and car park facilities
- Any other modification, reconfiguration, and/or improvement of the facilities on the existing airport island as a result of the third runway
A dedicated website has been launched to provide updated information about the expansion of HKIA into a three-runway system. For details, please click here.